dhoke – gopal mittal

For word meanings and explanatory discussion in English click on the tabs marked “Roman” or “Notes”.

دھوکے ۔ گوپال مِتّل

۱

رنگینیِ ہوس کا وفا نام رکھ دیا

خودداریِ وفا کا جفا نام رکھ دیا

۲

انسان کی جو بات سمجھ میں نہ آ سکی

انساں نے اس کا حق کی رضا نام رکھ دیا

۳

خود غرضیوں کے سائے میں پاتی ہے پرورش

اُلفت کہ جس کا صِدق و صفا نام رکھ دیا

۴

بے مہریِ حبیب کا مُشکِل تھا اعتراف

یاروں نے اُس کا ناز و ادا نام رکھ دیا

۵

فِطرت میں آدمی کی ہے مبہم سا ایک خوف

اُس خوف کا کِسی نے خدا نام رکھ دیا

۶

یہ روح کیا ہے جسم کا عکسِ لطیف ہے

یہ اور بات ہے کہ جُدا نام رکھ دیا

۷

مُفلس کو اہلِ زر نے بھی کیا کیا دئیے فریب

اپنی جفا کا حکمِ خدا نام رکھ دیا

धोके – गोपाल मित्तल

रंगीनी-ए हवस का वफ़ा नाम रख दिया

ख़ुद्दारी-ए वफ़ा का जफ़ा नाम रख दिया

इंसान की जो बात समझ में न आ सकी

इंसाँ ने उस का हक़ की रज़ा नाम रख दिया

ख़ुद-ग़र्ज़ियों के साए में पाती है परवरिश

उल्फ़त के जिस का सिद्क़ ओ सफ़ा नाम रख दिया

बे-महरी-ए हबीब का मुश्किल था ए’तराफ़

यारौं ने उस का नाज़ ओ अदा नाम रख दिया

फ़ित्रत में आदमी की है मुबहम सा एक ख़ौफ़

उस ख़ौफ़ का किसी ने ख़ुदा नाम रख दिया

ये रूह क्या है जिस्म का अक्स-ए लतीफ़ है

ये और बात है कि जुदा नाम रख दिया

मुफ़्लिस को अहल-ए ज़र ने भी क्या क्या दिए फ़रेब

अपनी जफ़ा का हुक्म-ए ख़ुदा नाम रख दिया

 

Click here for background and on any passage for word meanings and explanatory discussion. gopal mittal (1901-1993), maaler koTla, punjab. College in lahore. Later, lived in dehli as a poet, writer and editor of literary magazine. His usual style is to write intellectual, agnostic and irreverant Ghazal/nazam. This is a sarcastic criticism of exaggerated romanticism in urdu poetry, as well as of conventional belief systems.
1
raNgini-e havas1 ka vafa2 naam rakh diya
Khud-daari3-e vafa ka jafa4 naam rakh diya    
1.lust, desire 2.love, steadfast, unwavering 3.self-reliance, restraint 4.torture, cruelty
In a criticism of poetic conventions, he says that poets have elevated colourful lust to unwavering love. On the other side, the beloved, who may be restrained/reserved in order to have the chance to make her own decision is depicted as a cruel torturer.

2
insaan ki jo baat samajh meN na aa saki
insaaN ne us ka haq1 ki raza2 naam rakh diya    
1.truth, god 2.will, purpose
When humans could not understand something (maybe a natural disaster or a pestilence), they called it the “will of god”.

3
Khud-GharziyoN1 ke saaye2 meN paati hai parvarish3
ulfat4 ke jis ka sidq5 o safa6 naam rakh diya  
1.selfishness 2.shade, shadow 3.nurture 4.love 5.sincerity 6.purity
Love is nurtured/cultivated in the shadow of selfishness i.e. it is really selfishness portrayed as love. But poetic convention calls it sincerity and purity.

4
be-mehri1-e habib2 ka mushkil tha e’teraaf3
yaaroN4 ne us ka naaz5 o ada6 naam rakh diya    
1.unkindness, disinterestedness 2.beloved 3.confession, admission 4.friends 5.pride, aloof style 6.coquetry, playful teasing
The beloved was not interested. Did not want to return their love. They could not face the truth, could not admit that this was their failure. So they called it her aloof style, her playful teasing to decieve themselves.

5
fitrat1 meN aadmi ki hai mub’ham2 sa ek Khauf3
us Khauf ka kisi ne Khuda naam rakh diya  
1.nature, character 2.vague, doubtful 3.fear
In the nature of humans there is a vague fear. Someone decided to call this fear, ‘god’.

6
ye ruuh1 kya hai jism2 ka aks3-e latiif4 hai
ye aur baat hai ke juda5 naam rakh diya    
1.soul 2.body 3.reflection 4.subtle, gentle, cultured
What is this soul, except a subtle and fine reflection of the body. It is another matter that they have given it a separate name.

7
muflis1 ko ahl-e-zar2 ne bhi kya kya diye fareb3
apni jafa4 ka hukm5-e Khuda naam rakh diya    
1.pauper 1.people of wealth, capitalists 3.deception 4.cruelty, injustice 5.command
How many times does the capitalist hoodwink the pauper. Hiding his own injustice/cruelty he calls it the commandment of god, god’s will.

gopal mittal (1901-1993), maaler koTla, punjab.  College in lahore.  Later, lived in dehli as a poet, writer and editor of literary magazine.  His usual style is to write intellectual, agnostic and irreverant Ghazal/nazam.  This is a sarcastic criticism of exaggerated romanticism in urdu poetry, as well as of conventional belief systems.
1
raNgini-e havas1 ka vafa2 naam rakh diya
Khud-daari3-e vafa ka jafa4 naam rakh diya

1.lust, desire 2.love, steadfast, unwavering 3.self-reliance, restraint 4.torture, cruelty

In a criticism of poetic conventions, he says that poets have elevated colourful lust to unwavering love.  On the other side, the beloved, who may be restrained/reserved in order to have the chance to make her own decision is depicted as a cruel torturer.
2
insaan ki jo baat samajh meN na aa saki
insaaN ne us ka haq1 ki raza2 naam rakh diya

1.truth, god 2.will, purpose

When humans could not understand something (maybe a natural disaster or a pestilence), they called it the “will of god”.
3
Khud-GharziyoN1 ke saaye2 meN paati hai parvarish3
ulfat4 ke jis ka sidq5 o safa6 naam rakh diya

1.selfishness 2.shade, shadow 3.nurture 4.love 5.sincerity 6.purity

Love is nurtured/cultivated in the shadow of selfishness i.e. it is really selfishness portrayed as love.  But poetic convention calls it sincerity and purity.
4
be-mehri1-e habib2 ka mushkil tha e’teraaf3
yaaroN4 ne us ka naaz5 o ada6 naam rakh diya

1.unkindness, disinterestedness 2.beloved 3.confession, admission 4.friends 5.pride, aloof style 6.coquetry, playful teasing

The beloved was not interested.  Did not want to return their love.  They could not face the truth, could not admit that this was their failure.  So they called it her aloof style, her playful teasing to decieve themselves.
5
fitrat1 meN aadmi ki hai mub’ham2 sa ek Khauf3
us Khauf ka kisi ne Khuda naam rakh diya

1.nature, character 2.vague, doubtful 3.fear

In the nature of humans there is a vague fear.  Someone decided to call this fear, ‘god’.
6
ye ruuh1 kya hai jism2 ka aks3-e latiif4 hai
ye aur baat hai ke juda5 naam rakh diya

1.soul 2.body 3.reflection 4.subtle, gentle, cultured

What is this soul, except a subtle and fine reflection of the body.  It is another matter that they have given it a separate name.
7
muflis1 ko ahl-e-zar2 ne bhi kya kya diye fareb3
apni jafa4 ka hukm5-e Khuda naam rakh diya

1.pauper 1.people of wealth, capitalists 3.deception 4.cruelty, injustice 5.command

How many times does the capitalist hoodwink the pauper.  Hiding his own injustice/cruelty he calls it the commandment of god, god’s will.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *