sabr-e husain – chaudhry dillu ram kausari

For word meanings and explanatory discussion in English click on the “English” or “Notes” tab.

صبرِ حسین ۔ چودھری دِلّورام کوثری

۱

بیچارگی کا صبر نہیں ہے شمار میں

وہ صبر ہے جو صبر کرے اِختیار میں

۲

ایوب بھی اگرچہ تھے صابر بڑے مگر

صابر حسین سا نہیں ہے روزگار میں

۳

خود بیکسی کی موت کی شبّیر نے قبول

تھا دخل گرچہ قدرتِ پروردگار میں

۴

ٹھوکر سے جس کی چشمہ زمزم اُبل پڑے

پیاسا رہا وہ نہر کے قرب و جوار میں

۵

دکھلائی کیا حسین نے غربت میں شانِ صبر

اب تک ہے جس کا غلغلہ شہر و دیار میں

۶

دی شہ نے جان مِلّتِ بیضا کے واسطے

دیں آ گیا تھا گردِشِ لیل و نہار میں

۷

چمکا جو آفتابِ شہادت حسین کا

پھر تو تمیز سب کو ہوئی نور و نار میں

۸

اِسلام کی بقا ہے شہادت حسین کی

مانی ہوئی یہ بات ہے سو میں ہزار میں

۹

منکر نکیر کا نہیں کچھ خوف کوثریؔ

دونوں سے پہلے آئیں گے مولا مزار میں

सब्र-ए हुसैन – चौधरी दिल्लू राम कौसरी

बेचारगी का सब्र नहीं है शुमार में

वो सब्र है जो सब्र करे एख़्तियार में

अयूब भी अगरचे थे साबेर बड़े मगर

साबेर हुसैन सा नहीं है रोज़गार में

ख़ुद बेकसी की मौत कि शब्बीर ने क़ुबूल

था दख़्ल गरचे क़ुद्रत-ए परवर्दीगार में

ठोकर से जिस की चश्मा-ए ज़म्ज़म उबल पड़े

प्यासा रहा वो नहर की क़ुर्ब ओ जवार में

दिख्लाई क्या हुसैन ने ग़ुर्बत में शान-ए सब्र

अब तक है जिस का ग़ुल्ग़ुला शाहर ओ दयार में

दी शह ने जान मिल्लत-ए बैज़ा के वास्ते

दीं आ गया था गर्दिश-ए लैल ओ नेहार में

चमका जो आफ़्ताब-ए शहादत हुसैन का

फिर तो तमीज़ सब को हुई नूर ओ नार में

इस्लाम कि बक़ा है शहादत हुसैन की

मानी हुई ये बात है सौ में हज़ार में

मुन्कीर नकीर का नहिं कुछ ख़ौफ़ कौसरी

दोनों से पहले आएं गे मौला मज़ार में

 

Click here for background and on any passage for word meanings and explanatory discussion. chaudhary dillu ram kausari (1882-1936) was a practicing vaishnavi hindu from the hisaar district of present day haryana. His compositions were published in various magazines and later collected by others and published in a booklet, some posthumously. The material was copied from a collection of rare books and magazines of salar jung museum in hyderabad. It appears to be a publication from around lahore.
1
bechaaragi ka sabr1 nahiN hai shumaar2 meN
vo sabr hai jo sabr kare eKhtiyaar3 meN    
1.patience, acceptance 2.count 3.power, choice
Acceptance (of the will of god) under helplessness does not count as acceptance. Only that is considered acceptance when you have a choice to do something else.

2
ayoob1 bhi agarche2 the saaber3 baRe magar
saaber husain sa nahiN hai rozgaar4 meN    
1.Biblical character Job 2.even though 3.patient, accepting 4.world
In the Biblical story of Job, he is visited with many curses/calamities which he accepts with patience without blaming god. The poet implies here that while ayoob may have been accepting, he did not really have a choice. Calamities befell him, like it or not. husain, on the other hand had a choice. He could have accepted/endorsed the suzerainty of yazid and saved himself. He refused even in the face of certain death.

3
Khud bekasi ki maut ki shabbir ne qubool1
tha daKhl2 garche3 qudrat4-e parvardigaar5 meN   
1.accept 2.privilege to interfere/influence 3.even though 4.powers 5.god
Even though husain had the privilege to influence his fate, he chose not to do so. He himself accepted a painful death.

4
Thokar1 se jis ki chashma2-e zamzam3 ubal4 paRe
pyaasa raha vo nahr5 ki qurb-o-javaar6 meN    
1.toe, kick 2.spring 3.name of a spring near the k’aaba 4.flow over 5.stream, river 6.near surroundings
This implies that husain had (supernatural) power to kick the ground and make a spring overflow with water. Yet he chose to remain thirsty even as he was near a flowing river.

5
dikhlaaii kya husain ne Ghurbat1 meN shaan2-e sabr
ab tak hai jis ka GhulGhula3 shahr-o-dayaar4 meN    
1.used here in the sense of helplessness 2.glory 3.praise, fame 4.cities and homes, among all people
husain demonstrated such glory of acceptance (of the will of god) that even to this day it is admired among all people.

6
di shah ne jaan millat-e-baiza1 ke vaaste
deeN2 aa gaya tha gardish3-e lail-o-nehaar4 meN    
1.glorious community 2.faith 3.trials and tributions 4.night and day
husain is referred to as shah-e deeN – king of faith. Here the shorter form ‘shah’ is used. husain gave his life for the glory of the community (of islam). Faith had gotten caught up in the trials of worldly/material (rather than spiritual) affairs.

7
chamka jo aaftaab1-e shahaadat2 husain ka
phir to tameez3 sub ko hui noor4 o naar5 meN    
1.sun, brilliance 2.martyrdom 3.differentiation 4.light/heaven/right 5.fire/hell/wrong
When the brilliance of the martyrdom of husain shone bright, then everyone could differentiate between right and wrong.

8
islam ki baqa1 hai shahaadat husain ki
maani2 hui ye baat hai sau meN hazaar meN    
1.survival 2.agreed
The martyrdom of husain is the survival of islam. Hundreds of thousands agree on this.

9
munkir-nakeer1 ka nahiN kuchh Khauf2 kausari3
donoN se pahle aayeN ge maula4 mazaar5 meN   
1.names of two angels 2.fear 3.pen-name of poet 4.lord 5.grave
In the tradition of islam, two angels will come the grave of everyone and ask them about all their deeds – good and bad. This testimony will be presented on the day of judgement. Here the poet declares that he has nor fear of these two angels. Even before them husain will come to his grave (because he is a devotee) and absolve him of his transgressions.

chaudhary dillu ram kausari (1882-1936) was a practicing vaishnavi hindu from the hisaar district of present day haryana.  His compositions were published in various magazines and later collected by others and published in a booklet, some posthumously.  The material was copied from a collection of rare books and magazines of salar jung museum in hyderabad.  It appears to be a publication from around lahore.
1
bechaaragi ka sabr1 nahiN hai shumaar2 meN
vo sabr hai jo sabr kare eKhtiyaar3 meN

1.patience, acceptance 2.count 3.power, choice

Acceptance (of the will of god) under helplessness does not count as acceptance.  Only that is considered acceptance when you have a choice to do something else.
2
ayoob1 bhi agarche2 the saaber3 baRe magar
saaber husain sa nahiN hai rozgaar4 meN

1.Biblical character Job 2.even though 3.patient, accepting 4.world

In the Biblical story of Job, he is visited with many curses/calamities which he accepts with patience without blaming god.  The poet implies here that while ayoob may have been accepting, he did not really have a choice.  Calamities befell him, like it or not.  husain, on the other hand had a choice.  He could have accepted/endorsed the suzerainty of yazid and saved himself.  He refused even in the face of certain death.
3
Khud bekasi ki maut ki shabbir ne qubool1
tha daKhl2 garche3 qudrat4-e parvardigaar5 meN

1.accept 2.privilege to interfere/influence 3.even though 4.powers 5.god

Even though husain had the privilege to influence his fate, he chose not to do so.  He himself accepted a painful death.
4
Thokar1 se jis ki chashma2-e zamzam3 ubal4 paRe
pyaasa raha vo nahr5 ki qurb-o-javaar6 meN

1.toe, kick 2.spring 3.name of a spring near the k’aaba 4.flow over 5.stream, river 6.near surroundings

This implies that husain had (supernatural) power to kick the ground and make a spring overflow with water.  Yet he chose to remain thirsty even as he was near a flowing river.
5
dikhlaaii kya husain ne Ghurbat1 meN shaan2-e sabr
ab tak hai jis ka GhulGhula3 shahr-o-dayaar4 meN

1.used here in the sense of helplessness 2.glory 3.praise, fame 4.cities and homes, among all people

husain demonstrated such glory of acceptance (of the will of god) that even to this day it is admired among all people.
6
di shah ne jaan millat-e-baiza1 ke vaaste
deeN2 aa gaya tha gardish3-e lail-o-nehaar4 meN

1.glorious community 2.faith 3.trials and tributions 4.night and day

husain is referred to as shah-e deeN – king of faith.  Here the shorter form ‘shah’ is used.  husain gave his life for the glory of the community (of islam).  Faith had gotten caught up in the trials of worldly/material (rather than spiritual) affairs.
7
chamka jo aaftaab1-e shahaadat2 husain ka
phir to tameez3 sub ko hui noor4 o naar5 meN

1.sun, brilliance 2.martyrdom 3.differentiation 4.light/heaven/right 5.fire/hell/wrong

When the brilliance of the martyrdom of husain shone bright, then everyone could differentiate between right and wrong.
8
islam ki baqa1 hai shahaadat husain ki
maani2 hui ye baat hai sau meN hazaar meN

1.survival 2.agreed

The martyrdom of husain is the survival of islam.  Hundreds of thousands agree on this.
9
munkir-nakeer1 ka nahiN kuchh Khauf2 kausari3
donoN se pahle aayeN ge maula4 mazaar5 meN

1.names of two angels 2.fear 3.pen-name of poet 4.lord 5.grave

In the tradition of islam, two angels will come the grave of everyone and ask them about all their deeds – good and bad.  This testimony will be presented on the day of judgement.  Here the poet declares that he has nor fear of these two angels.  Even before them husain will come to his grave (because he is a devotee) and absolve him of his transgressions.

Key Search Words: karbal katha, cross religious

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *