husain-shahed

For word meanings and explanatory discussion in English click on the “English” or “Notes” tab.

حسین ۔ شاہد

۱

جو کاٹتا ہے گردنِ شاہانِ حق شکن

اپنے رگِ گلو کو وہ خنجر بنا دیا  (جوش ملیح آبادی)

۲

بیعت طلب یزید کا اِنکار جو کیا

یوں راہِ حق کی موت کا جلوہ دکھا دیا

۳

سیراب کر کے تشنگیِ فوجِ عدو کو

اِنسانیت کی اوج کا چہرہ دکھا دیا

۴

گُل کر کے شمع خیمہ میں عاشور کی شب کو

ہر اِک کی آبرو جو بچا لے وہ طریقہ دکھا دیا

۵

بیٹے کی پہل کر کے شہادت کی راہ میں

انصار کے وقار کا رتبہ بڑھا دیا

۶

اصغر کے دفن سے اُٹھے دامن جو جھاڑ کر

حق بولنے کا اجر ہے کیا کیا دکھا دیا

۷

اِس پر بھی ذوالفقار جو چلتی رہی تو پھر

کہتے ہیں کس کو عزم یہ کر کے دکھا دیا

۸

شاہد اِسے نگاہِ عقیدت سے تو نہ دیکھ

کردارِ حق پرست ہے کیا کچھ، دکھا دیا

 

हुसैन – शाहेद

जो काटता है गर्दन-ए शाहान-ए हक़-शिकन

अपने रग-ए गुलू को वो ख़ंजर बना दिया

बै’अत तलब यज़ीद का इन्कार जो किया

यूं राह-ए हक़ कि मौत का जल्वा दिखा दिया

सैराब कर के तिश्नगी-ए फ़ौज-ए अदू को

इन्सानियत कि औज का चेहरा दिखा दिया

गुल कर के शम’अ ख़ैमे में आशूर कि शब को

हर एक की आब्रू जो बचा ले, वो तरीक़ा दिखा दिया

बेटे कि पहल कर के शहादत कि राह में

अन्सार के वक़ार का रुत्बा बढ़ा दिया

अस्ग़र के दफ़्न से उठे दामन जो झाढ़ कर

हक़ बोलने का अज्र है क्या क्या दिखा दिया

इस पर भी ज़ुल्फ़क़ार जो चलती रही तो फिर

कहते हैं किस को अज़्म ये कर के दिखा दिया

शाहेद इसे निगाह-ए अक़ीदत से तू न देख

किरदार-ए हक़-परस्त है क्या कुछ दिखा दिया

 

Click here for background and on any passage for word meanings and explanatory discussion. shahed (1944-living), retired engineer, unschooled in urdu, maintains this website as an effort to learn. Indulges in writing verse.
1
jo kaaTta hai gardan-e shaahaan1-e haq-shikan2
apne rag-e-gulu3 ko vo Khanjar bana diya (josh malihabadi)    
1.kings, emperors 2.truth/justice breaking/violating 3.vein of the neck, jugular
In the narrative of karbala and in josh’s writings the jugular vein of husain is portrayed as the sharp knife that cut the dagger with which he was beheaded. Thus husains martyrdom and beheading turns the tables on kings/emperors and cuts their head off. This she’r is quoted from josh malihabadi.

2
bai’at-talab1 yazeed ka inkaar2 jo kiya
yuN raah-e-haq3 ki maut ka jalva4 dikha diya  
1.homage demanding 2.refusal 3.path of truth/justice 4.manifestation
yazeed demanded that husain accept his legitimacy and pay homage. While offering peaceful alternatives, husain refused to pay homage in the face of certain death. This was a demonstration of the courage to face death in the path of truth/justice.

3
sairaab1 kar ke tishnagi2-e fauj-e-adu3 ko
insaaniyat4 ki auj5 ka chehra dikha diya  
1.satiate 2.thirst 3.army of the enemy 4.humanity, humanism 5.apex, peak
husain and his caravan were on their way to kufa with yazid’s large army following them. The sent an advance party under a commander by the name of ‘hur’ to stop husain and his followers. The advance party rode fast to catch up and when they did, they were hungry and thirsty and very vulnerable. Instead of finishing them off, husain offered them water and nourishment demonstrating the apex of humanism.

4
gul1 kar ke sham’a Khaime2 meN aashoor3 ki shab4 ko
har ek ki aabru5 jo bacha le vo tareeqa6 dikha diya 
1.extinguish 2.tent 3.tenth day of moharram 4.night (before the tenth day) 5.respect, dignity 6.method, way
husain and his followers were surrounded and he was certain to be killed. He gathered his followers in a tent on the night before the final battle and urged them to leave. The enemy is only after me and my life, you have yours, feel free to leave and save yourselves. It is said that when he saw that some were hesitant, he asked that all lights be extinguished so that people could leave in the darkness without losing their dignity. Also see ‘husain’ by shaz tamkanat.

5
beTe ki pahl1 kar ke shahaadat2 ki raah3 meN
ansaar4 ke viqaar5 ka rutba6 baRha diya 
1.initiate, start 2.martyrdom 3.path 4.friends, followers 5.dignity 6.status
Time honoured battle traditions (which the arabs followed at the time) were such that opposing armies would face off and individual hero bouts would be the first encounters. It is said that husain offered his eighteen year old to go first, rather than risk the life of any of his followers, thus demonstrating his consideration for the dignity of their lives.

6
asGhar1 ke dafn2 se uThe daaman3 jo jhaaR4 kar
haq5 bolne ka ajr6 hai kya kya dikha diya  
1.husain’s infant son 2.bury 3.hem of the robe 4.dust off 5.truth 6.compensation, reward
husain and his party were denied access to water. Towards the end of the battle, it is said that he brought out his infant son and asked the enemy that this innocent be given water. An arrow was shot at the infant’s throat, killing him. The first misra in this she’r borrows from mir anis, “shabbir uTh khaRe hue daaman ko jhaaR kar”. daaman jhaaRna is an expression the means giving away everything he had (in addition to the obvious meaning of dusting off sand from clothes) … thus asGhar was the final offering, husain had given away everything that he had to give, demonstrating that this is the reward to be expected in the (difficult) path of truth/justice.

7
is par bhi zulfiqaar1 jo chalti rahi to phir
kahte haiN kis ko azm2 ye kar ke dikha diya  
1.husain’s sword inherited from his father 2.determination
Even after all this, husain did not give up. His resistance, while offering peace, was not one of passive submission. Thus, he continued to weild his sword, demonstrating his determination to stay the course.

8
shahed ise nigaah-e-aqeedat1 se tu na dekh
kirdaar2-e haq-parast3 hai kya kuchh dikha diya 
1.view point of faith 2.character 3.truth/justice nurturing
The poet (an unabashed agnostic/atheist) does not want to look at this as an article of faith but as a character/symbol of a person who steadfastly nurtures/adheres to truth/justice.

shahed (1944-living), retired engineer, unschooled in urdu, maintains this website as an effort to learn.  Indulges in writing verse.
1
jo kaaTta hai gardan-e shaahaan1-e haq-shikan2
apne rag-e-gulu3 ko vo Khanjar bana diya (josh malihabadi)

1.kings, emperors 2.truth/justice breaking/violating 3.vein of the neck, jugular

In the narrative of karbala and in josh’s writings the jugular vein of husain is portrayed as the sharp knife that cut the dagger with which he was beheaded.  Thus husains martyrdom and beheading turns the tables on kings/emperors and cuts their head off.  This she’r is quoted from josh malihabadi.
2
bai’at-talab1 yazeed ka inkaar2 jo kiya
yuN raah-e-haq3 ki maut ka jalva4 dikha diya

1.homage demanding 2.refusal 3.path of truth/justice 4.manifestation

yazeed demanded that husain accept his legitimacy and pay homage.  While offering peaceful alternatives, husain refused to pay homage in the face of certain death.  This was a demonstration of the courage to face death in the path of truth/justice.
3
sairaab1 kar ke tishnagi2-e fauj-e-adu3 ko
insaaniyat4 ki auj5 ka chehra dikha diya

1.satiate 2.thirst 3.army of the enemy 4.humanity, humanism 5.apex, peak

husain and his caravan were on their way to kufa with yazid’s large army following them.  The sent an advance party under a commander by the name of ‘hur’ to stop husain and his followers.  The advance party rode fast to catch up and when they did, they were hungry and thirsty and very vulnerable.  Instead of finishing them off, husain offered them water and nourishment demonstrating the apex of humanism.
4
gul1 kar ke sham’a Khaime2 meN aashoor3 ki shab4 ko
har ek ki aabru5 jo bacha le vo tareeqa6 dikha diya

1.extinguish 2.tent 3.tenth day of moharram 4.night (before the tenth day) 5.respect, dignity 6.method, way

husain and his followers were surrounded and he was certain to be killed.  He gathered his followers in a tent on the night before the final battle and urged them to leave.  The enemy is only after me and my life, you have yours, feel free to leave and save yourselves.  It is said that when he saw that some were hesitant, he asked that all lights be extinguished so that people could leave in the darkness without losing their dignity.  Also see ‘husain’ by shaz tamkanat.
5
beTe ki pahl1 kar ke shahaadat2 ki raah3 meN
ansaar4 ke viqaar5 ka rutba6 baRha diya

1.initiate, start 2.martyrdom 3.path 4.friends, followers 5.dignity 6.status

Time honoured battle traditions (which the arabs followed at the time) were such that opposing armies would face off and individual hero bouts would be the first encounters.  It is said that husain offered his eighteen year old to go first, rather than risk the life of any of his followers, thus demonstrating his consideration for the dignity of their lives.
6
asGhar1 ke dafn2 se uThe daaman3 jo jhaaR4 kar
haq5 bolne ka ajr6 hai kya kya dikha diya

1.husain’s infant son 2.bury 3.hem of the robe 4.dust off 5.truth 6.compensation, reward

husain and his party were denied access to water.  Towards the end of the battle, it is said that he brought out his infant son and asked the enemy that this innocent be given water.  An arrow was shot at the infant’s throat, killing him.  The first misra in this she’r borrows from mir anis, “shabbir uTh khaRe hue daaman ko jhaaR kar”.  daaman jhaaRna is an expression the means giving away everything he had (in addition to the obvious meaning of dusting off sand from clothes)  … thus asGhar was the final offering, husain had given away everything that he had to give, demonstrating that this is the reward to be expected in the (difficult) path of truth/justice.
7
is par bhi zulfiqaar1 jo chalti rahi to phir
kahte haiN kis ko azm2 ye kar ke dikha diya

1.husain’s sword inherited from his father 2.determination

Even after all this, husain did not give up.  His resistance, while offering peace, was not one of passive submission.  Thus, he continued to weild his sword, demonstrating his determination to stay the course.
8
shahed ise nigaah-e-aqeedat1 se tu na dekh
kirdaar2-e haq-parast3 hai kya kuchh dikha diya

1.view point of faith 2.character 3.truth/justice nurturing

The poet (an unabashed agnostic/atheist) does not want to look at this as an article of faith but as a character/symbol of a person who steadfastly nurtures/adheres to truth/justice.

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